The Facts about Age Spots!!

Do you have age spots? Do you have brown spots or Pigmentation that's appeared over time?

Age spots on the shoulder and back

Age spots — also called liver spots and solar lentigines — are small dark areas on your skin. They vary in size and usually appear on the face, hands, shoulders and arms — areas most exposed to the sun.

Age spots are very common in adults older than 50. But younger people can get them too, especially if they spend a lot of time in the sun.

Age spots can look like cancerous growths. But true age spots are harmless and don't need treatment. For cosmetic reasons, age spots can be lightened with skin lightening products or removed with clinical treatments.

You can help prevent age spots by regularly using sunscreen and avoiding the sun.

Age spots on the hand

Age spots may affect people of all skin types, but they're more common in people with light skin. Age spots:

  • Are flat, oval areas of increased pigmentation

  • Are usually tan, brown or black

  • Occur on skin that has had the most sun exposure over the years, such as the backs of hands, tops of feet, face, shoulders and upper back

Age spots range from freckle size to about a 1/2 inch (13 millimeters) across and can group together, making them more noticeable.

When to see a doctor

Age spots are usually harmless and don't require medical care. Have your doctor look at spots that are dark or have changed in appearance. These changes can be signs of melanoma, a serious form of skin cancer.

It's best to have any new skin changes evaluated by a doctor, especially if a spot:

  • Is darkly pigmented

  • Is rapidly increasing in size

  • Has an irregular border

  • Has an unusual combination of colors

  • Is accompanied by itching, redness, tenderness or bleeding

If you need advice book in for a skin consultation


Age spots are caused by overactive pigment cells. Ultraviolet (UV) light accelerates the production of melanin. On the areas of skin that have had years of frequent and prolonged sun exposure, age spots appear when melanin becomes "clumped" or is produced in high concentrations.

The use of commercial tanning lamps and tanning beds can also contribute to the development of age spots.

Risk factors

Anyone can develop age spots, but you may be more likely to develop the condition if you:

  • Have red hair and light skin

  • Have a history of frequent or intense sun exposure or sunburn


To help avoid age spots and new spots after treatment, follow these tips for limiting your sun exposure:

  • Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. Because the sun's rays are most intense during this time, try to schedule outdoor activities for other times of the day.

  • Use sunscreen. Fifteen to 30 minutes

before going outdoors, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen that provides protection from both UVA and UVB light. Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30. Apply sunscreen generously, and reapply every two hours — or more often if you're swimming or perspiring.

  • Cover up. For protection from the sun, wear tightly woven clothing that covers your arms and legs and a broad-brimmed hat, which provides more protection than does a baseball cap or golf visor.

Consider wearing clothing designed to provide sun protection. Look for clothes labelled with an ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) of 40 to 50 to get the best protection.


At Purple Valentine Laser & Skin Clinic we have a number of treatments to help with Age spots.

One of the treatments is IPL pigmentation therapy.

One of the best and most effective treatments for age spots and skin pigmentation is Intense Pulsed Light or IPL as it is more commonly known. IPL is a very powerful light which is emitted by a rapid pulse of flashes. These pulses are absorbed by the target structure in the skin, heating it and destroying it.

Once the pigmentation has been treated, the area will darken over the following few days, form a flat crust or scab and then come away naturally leaving no scarring.

IPL reduces the irregular discoloration of the skin caused by sun damage. Chronic sun damage causes irregular brown and red discoloration of the skin. These ” sun spots” and “broken capillaries” are in the surface of the skin and make the skin look old. IPL reduces these discolorations and makes the skin tone more even and bright. It does this by heating up the structures that hold the color, damaging or destroying the blood vessel or the “sun spot.” The process is called Selective Photo – Thermo – Lysis.

We also have the ND YAG Carbon Laser Peel which treats Age spots and Melasma.

Melasma is the medical term for patches of brown or tan spots common among women, which appear symmetrically on the cheeks and around the eyes. This unique two-part procedure involves the application of a carbon mask with laser energy to reduce visible pigmentation, at the same time improving the skin texture and reducing pore size and fine lines. Melasma/ Age spot laser treatment is a gradual process that requires 6-8 sessions to work effectively, therefore it is important to wait the proper amount of time for results.

To Book your appointment for a complimentary Skin consultation call 01708 922 205

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